All Tenses/12 English Tenses with examples. In this video, we will begin our journey through the 12 tenses of the English language! You will still need to practice each tense individually, but this video will be a good reminder or refresher before a test. Learn more about our English Language Programs http://www.solex.edu/en/programs.
TRANSCRIPT: “Today we are going to talk about all 12 English verb tenses. Now I will not go into detail about every tense, so you still need to study all of the tenses. But if you have an exam coming up, or if you just need a quick reminder of what to think of when you are thinking of past perfect progressive or whatever, this is a good place to refresh your memory and think about things again. Let’s start with the most important tense, present tense, that’s usually the first one that you learn when you learn English, and we’ll move to Future, which is not as common as present or past.
Present Simple. “I eat pizza everyday.” When we talk about present simple, we are talking about a routine, something that you do often, something that you never do, something that you always do. As you can see, I say “everyday”. So, “Everyday I eat pizza.” Now we make the present simple by using the subject, plus the first form of the verb, and then the object. And remember, with this form of the verb, he/she/it gets an ‘s’ at the end of the verb. So for example: “She eats pizza everyday.”
Present Progressive (Present Continuous). When we talk about present progressive, we are talking about what is happening right now, or we are talking about an action that is not complete. “I am eating pizza now.” Am I finished eating pizza? No, I am still eating right now. It’s very important when you use present progressive to remember this verb “be”. So we make this by using the subject plus “am/is/are” plus the verb, plus “-ing”, plus the object. And remember, the best way to think of this is an action that is not finished.
Present Perfect. “I have eaten all of the pizza.”. The action is complete. The pizza is gone. I ate all of it. Do you see any time words here? No. We are talking about now. You make the present perfect by using the subject plus have or has if it is he/she/it we use has plus the third form of the verb plus the object. Remember the third form of the verb, some people call that the past participle, I just call it verb three or third verb.
Present perfect progressive (Present Perfect Continuous) “I have been eating pizza for two hours.” An action starts in the past, and continues until now. And with progressive, it is still happening, the action is not finished. I have been eating pizza for two hours. Am I still eating pizza? Yes. I have been eating pizza for two hours and I still am eating pizza. So we make this by using the subject plus have or has, he/she/it has, plus been, we always use been for this, plus the verb ing, plus the object.
Alright now we are going to talk about the past tenses. The easiest one? Past simple. Also probably one of the more important tenses in English to learn. When we talk about past simple, I always think of two things: a finished action and finished time. “I ate pizza yesterday.” Is the action finished? Yes. Am I eating pizza now? No. Is the time finished? Yes. Yesterday is complete it is finished. And we make past simple by using the subject plus the second form of the verb or the verb two as I call it also, plus an object.
Past progressive. “I was eating pizza when you arrived.” When we talk about the past progressive, we are probably talking about two actions, not always, but very often. One action is not complete in the past, it’s not complete at a certain moment. Another action is complete and interrupts the other action. So if you look at the sentence, what verb what action happens first? Was eating. First I was eating. Was I finished eating? No. And then you arrived and you interrupted me eating my pizza. So this is always the action that is not finished in the past. We make this by taking the subject plus was or were, was for singular things and were for plural subjects, plus the verb ing, plus object.
Past Perfect. “I had eaten all of the pizza when you arrived.” The first action is complete, it is completely finished before the second action happens. With past perfect you are always going to have two actions. And this first one is complete. It’s subject plus had plus verb three or the past participle, plus object.
Finally, Past Perfect Progressive. “I had been eating pizza for two hours when you arrived. “ We are talking about a complete action that happened before a second action. That’s the ing right there. And we make this by taking the subject plus had plus verb plus ing plus object.
If you are waiting for the second part make sure to like us, subscribe to SOLEX’s other videos, and stay tuned and I’ll finished up the rest of the tenses of English.”