In this lesson, you will learn what a verb is, and about the different types of verbs in English. Also see – MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH & HOW TO AVOID THEM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9
★★★ Also check out ★★★
➜ ALL GRAMMAR LESSONS: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9
➜ NOUNS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8sBYpxaDOPo&index=3&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68
➜ PRONOUNS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCrAJB4VohA&index=4&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68
➜ ADJECTIVES: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnmeV6RYcf0&index=5&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68
➜ ADVERBS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKL26Gji4UY&index=6&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68
➜ CONJUNCTIONS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FdEaeD1MdY&index=7&list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68
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Hi and welcome back to our series of
lessons on the parts of speech
My name is Ganesh and this lesson is all
about verbs. In this lesson I will teach
you the different types of verbs that we
have in English and I’ll also show you how to
avoid some common mistakes that students
make with verbs.
We will start with state
and action verbs, and then we’ll look at
main and helping verbs, and then we’ll
turn to regular and irregular verbs, and
finally we’ll discuss transitive and
Now before we begin
as always if you have any questions at
all you just have to let me know in the
comments section and I’ll talk to you
OK so first of all what is a verb?
Well a verb is just a word that shows an
action or a state – state means a
And actually those are the two
types of verbs – we call them state verbs
and action verbs. Sometimes they’re
called stative and dynamic verbs but the
meaning is the same.
OK what’s the difference between these
two? The difference is that action verbs
express physical activities or processes.
For example verbs like kick, shout, run,
climb, stand, sit, grow – all of these show
us physical activities or processes.
a state verb is a verb that expresses a
situation – for example, verbs like be, have,
think, like and own are all state verbs. Now
when I say “I have a large family” – here
I’m using the state verb ‘have’. That means
I’m not talking about doing any physical
I’m just telling you about a situation –
in this case about my family. Or if I
said “Julia likes chocolate ice cream.” Is
Julia doing any action in that
No, that sentence just gives
you some information about Julia. We’re
still using a verb – like – but it’s a state
Why is this difference important?
And is it important at all? It is.
Because there’s an important rule in
English that you should know and that
rule is state verbs cannot be used in
continuous form, you can only do that
with action verbs. Let’s look at a couple
Now we can say “The children
are playing in the park” or “Who’s shouting?”
Both of these sentences are correct
because the verbs play and shout are
physical actions, so we can use -ing forms.
But we cannot say “I’m having a large
family.” or “Julia is liking chocolate ice
cream.” Both of those sentences are wrong
They’re common mistakes that some students
make – some students use -ing forms with
state verbs. Please don’t make that
mistake, and remember: no continuous forms
with state verbs.
OK let’s now move on and talk about
main and helping verbs. These are
sometimes called auxiliary verbs as well.
When a verb is used in a sentence,
it can be used in two ways – it can either
be used as the main verb of the sentence
or it can be a helping verb – that is it
can help the main verb.
important helping verbs are be, do and
have. Let’s look at some examples with
these: “Luciano is working now.”
In this sentence
there are two verbs – can you tell me
which are the two verbs? ‘Is’ and ‘working’
are the two verbs. Which is the main verb?
The main verb is ‘working’ because that
shows the action that is happening. Wo
what about ‘is’? What is it doing? ‘Is’ is a
helping verb – that shows the tense of
sentence. We know that Luciano is working
now because we said ‘is’.
If I said
Luciano was working, you know I’m talking
about the past. So that helping verb is
showing the tense, and that’s one of the
things that helping verbs can do.
can also help us to form negative
For example “Luciano isn’t
working now” or questions – “I Is Luciano
working now?” In all three of these
sentences, the helping verb is ‘be’ or ‘to be’.
We’re saying ‘is’ but that’s just a form
of the verb ‘to be’ – we say ‘I am’, ‘you are’, ‘he
is’, ‘she is, etc. The verbs ‘do’ and ‘have’ can
also be helping verbs.